Biofuel, Omega3, Bataan Nuclear Power Plant
Biofuel looks good only for local,, hand picked beans
Camelina, (or wild flax)...grows on poor ground and has twice the yield of soy..low gell temperature. The spent biomass is..animal feed
..alternating with wheat..increases the wheat yield by 15%, and gives 100 gallons/acre of oil.
Dr. Bill Schillinger at Washington State U..1,400 pounds per acre at 16 cents a pound..$224 per acre; 28-bushel white wheat at $8.23 per bushel would garner $230.”
1 bushel Wheat at 13.5% moisture 60 lb = 27.22 kg 28 bushels/ acre = 1.9 Tons/hectare
Mali..10,000 km of jatropha hedges that yield .. 1 kg/meter/year= 5 million liters per yr of oil (85.8 bd).
Typical village hedge .. 2 & 15 km, making oil generation very much a local enterprise. It is growing because there has been a move to provide local women with engine powered grain mills, to start small businesses. But the fuel cost was prohibitive. Collecting and processing the nuts can not only provide the needed fuel, but also inject about $3,800 on average, per village per year. As a result local hedges are growing in length, though somewhat slowly (from 5 – 15 km in 8 years.) The projects have also benefitted from development of a shelling machine for the nuts.
But while the growth is commendable, it is nowhere near working at the scale needed to have a significant market impact. The latest news is that to get high yields, huge water inputs are needed--20,000 liters of water to produce one liter of biofuel. This news will further make scaling up oil production from jatropha difficult.
A single liter of jatropha biodiesel requires a whopping 20,000 liters of water to grow, say researchers at the Netherlands’ University of Twente. That’s more than canola, corn, soybeans or sugarcane — more, in fact, than any commonly used biofuel crop. The two closest, canola and soybeans, require about 14,000 liters each.
Jatropha cannot be eaten as animal feed, but that makes a good fence
Vandana Shiva [their letter] addressed to Ricetec, Inc., which patented Basmati rice, and to the Grace Corporation, which patented the name. The letters said,
“We've used Basmati for centuries. ... Now we hear you've got a patent number for this, and you claim to have invented it. This kind of piracy and theft we know happens. There are people who steal in our village, and we treat them with understanding. We call them and ask them to explain what is the compulsion that led them to steal. So we invite you to come to our village and explain to us the compulsion that made you steal from us.”
more economic graphs this Depresion is still tracking lower faster than 1929
Political Spectrum Quiz
Omega3 for cows
cows at 15 farms across Vermont have had their grain feed adjusted to include more plants like alfalfa and flaxseed — substances that, unlike corn or soy, mimic the spring grasses that the animals evolved long ago to eat...............
Nancy Hirshberg, Stonyfield’s vice president for natural resources, commissioned a full assessment of her company’s impact on climate change in 1999 that extended to emissions by some of its suppliers.
“I was shocked when I got the report,” Ms. Hirshberg said, “because it said our No. 1 impact is milk production. Not burning fossil fuels for transportation or packaging, but milk production. We were floored.”......................................
The answer, the scientists determined, was that spring grasses are high in Omega-3 fatty acids, which may help the cow’s digestive tract operate smoothly.
Corn and soy, the feed that, thanks to postwar government aid, became dominant in the dairy industry, has a completely different type of fatty acid structure.......................................
As of the last reading in mid-May, the methane output of Mr. Choiniere’s herd had dropped 18 percent. Meanwhile, milk production has held its own.
The methane-reduction results have been far more significant in France than in the Vermont pilot — about 30 percent — because the feed is distributed there not just to organic farms, where the animals already eat grass for at least half the year, but also to big industrial farms.
.Another blow for Omega3 over Omega6
This begs the question: Does Grass make more CH4 than Soybeans? I have seen suggestions that it does
“Feeding grains and their byproducts will continue to be a important practices to reduce methane emissions,”
Chopped straw and hay are the vital ingredients to settle a cow's stomach and reduce emissions of methane by 20 per cent.
This material is used as bedding for cattle and cows usually have little appetite for it. But just as children are coaxed to take their medicine by cloaking it in a syrup, cattle are being fed a blend of foods that makes it irresistible.
The secret is to cut straw or hay into strips 6cm-7cm long and to mix them with silage, wheat, maize, soya or sugar beet. A dairy cow needs only 4.4lb (2kg) a day, a tiny percentage of the 130lb daily ration of forage it would otherwise eat.
University of Alberta's Stephen Moore has come up with a set of tools for cutting a cow's methane output by up to 25 per cent.
...4.8 million tonnes of methane were produced in Canada in 2007,...a set of equations capable of figuring out how much methane a cow might emit based on the elements of its diet, including starch, sugar cellulose, ash and fat.
..In Canada, cattle feed is made from the grains that are available, and switching to another product may be difficult and expensive for many farmers, he said.
"Also, what these equations show is, if you provide a high-energy diet, the animals produce less methane," he said. "But you can't feed such animals high-energy diets for a long period of time because they will get sick, they will end up with metabolic problems."
Annoyingly there is no 1y article reference from U Alberta - I would love to see the "equation"
Klimakolonialismen' (Climate colonialism)
1/10 of Tanzania to be sugarcane for Swedish cars? or not?
very bad scenario for Tanzania
Jolie speaks on Justice
Bataan Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) on Thursday chided lawmakers for ignoring the risks involved in operating the plant.
.Mikey Arroyo of Pampanga, chairman of the House energy committee. HB 6300 is principally authored by Nationalist People’s Coalition Rep. Mark Cojuangco of Pangasinan.
HB 6300 mandates the immediate rehabilitation, commissioning and commercial operation of the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant..
Greenpeace Campaigner Francis dela Cruz said Cojuangco demonstrated that his intentions with HB 6300 cannot be trusted,...
“First he wants to revive a defective nuclear plant, ignoring all the risks and dangers that have been identified by experts. Every single study conducted on the BNPP has concluded that this nuclear facility is unsafe to operate,” he said.
Greenpeace revealed that even if rehabilitated, the BNPP will not pass the current international safety standards required of nuclear facilities.
NEARLY 30 years after work began on the Bataan nuclear power plant just north of Manila, Filipino taxpayers are still paying 155,000 dollars a day in interest on a structure that has never produced one watt of power.
Mikey Arroyo, first gent, periodically has to leave the country over scandals,
Mark Cojuangco , Is SanMig/coke, boasted that he preserved the Palawan forests by shooting peasants who attempted to farm his logging 'concessions'